Cryptographic properties of MACs and HMACs

Posted on Mo 20 August 2018 in Security, Cryptography, MAC, HMAC • Tagged with Math, MAC, HMAC


Similarly as digital signatures, Message Authentication Codes provide message integrity and message authentication. When Alice generates a MAC and sends the message and MAC to Bob, Bob verifies that the message has integrity by calculating the MAC himself. He also authenticates the message, because only Alice could have generated the MAC.

Unlike digital signatures they do however not provide nonrepudiation, since all involved parties share the secret key \(k\). MAC's can be implemented using cryptographically secure hash functions (HMAC) or symmetric block ciphers like AES.

A MAC consists of …

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